Sunday, June 21, 2020
INTRODUCTION McDonalds Corporation is the worlds largest chain of fast food restaurants, serving about 47 million customers daily through more than 33,000 restaurants in 119 countries worldwide. McDonalds sells various fast food items and soft drinks including, burgers, chicken, salads, fries, and ice cream. Many McDonalds restaurants have included a playground for children and advertising geared toward children, with a particular emphasis on comfort: introducing lounge areas and fire places, and eliminating hard plastic chairs and tables. Each McDonalds restaurant is operated by a franchisee or the corporation itself. The corporations revenues come from the rent, royalties and fees paid by the franchisees, as well as sales in company-operated restaurants. McDonalds revenues grew 27% over the three years ending in 2007 to $22.8billion, and 9% growth in operating income to $3.9 billion.1 COMPANY BACKGROUND The business began in 1940, with a restaurant opened by brothers Dickand Mac McDonald in San Bernardino, California. Their introduction of the Speed Service System in 1948 established the principles of the modern fast-food restaurant The original mascot of McDonalds was a man with a chefs hat on top of a hamburger shaped head whose name was sppeedd. Sppeedd was eventually replaced with Ronald McDonald in 1963. The present corporation dates its founding to the opening of a franchised restaurant by Ray Kroc, in Des Plaines, Illinois on April 15, 1955. Kroc later purchased the McDonald brothers equity in the company and led its worldwide expansion and the company became listed on the public stock markets in 1965.With the expansion of McDonalds into many international markets, the company has become a symbol of globalization and the spread of the American way of life. Its prominence has also made it a frequent topic of public debates about obesity,ÃâÃ corporate ethics and consumer responsibility.2 Vision To be the best and leading fast food provider around the globe Mission McDonalds brand mission is to be our customers favorite place and way to eat, and improve our operations to provide the most delicious fast food that meet our customers expectations. Values Our values summarized in Q.S.C. V.. Provide good quality,ÃâÃ services to customer.ÃâÃ Have a cleanliness environment when customer enjoys their meal. The value of food product makes every customer is smiling. PESTAL ANALYSIS OF McDONALDS PÃâ Ã¢â¬â¢ÃâÃ 1.Global market 2.Different political infrastructures 3.Consumer taxation EÃâ Ã¢â¬â¢ÃâÃ 1.Market leader 2.Very high target market 3.Low cost and more income SÃâ Ã¢â¬â¢ÃâÃ 1.Fragmented supplier/work force 2.Working within many social group 3.Increase employments TÃâ Ã¢â¬â¢ÃâÃ 1.Advanced technology development 2.Quality standard EÃâ Ã¢â¬â¢ÃâÃ 1.Quality packing 2.Local manufacture foreign supplies LÃâ Ã¢â¬â¢ÃâÃ 1.Legisalation for product 2.Sustained logo PESTAL FACTORS A.ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ Political Factors Ãâ The international operations of McDonalds are highly influenced by the individual state policies enforced by each government. (2001, 705) For instance, there are certain groups in Europe and the United States that clamor for state actions pertaining to the health implications of eating fast food. (2005) They have indicated that harmful elements like cholesterol and adverse effects like obesity are attributable to consuming fast food products. On the other hand, the company is controlled by the individual policies and regulations of operations. Specific markets focus on different areas of concern such as that of health, worker protection, and environment. All these elements are seen in the government control of the licensing of the restaurants in the respective states. For instance, there is an impending legal dispute in the McDonalds franchise inÃâÃ Indiawhere certain infringement of rights and violation of religious laws pertaining to the contents of the food. The existenc e of meat in their menus inÃâÃ IndiaÃâÃ is apparently offensive to the Hindu religion in the said market. There are also other studies that points to the infringement of McDonalds Stores with reference to the existingÃâÃ employmentÃâÃ laws in the target market. Like anyÃâÃ businessÃâÃ venture, these McDonalds stores have to contend with the issues ofÃâÃ employmentÃâÃ procedures as well as their tax obligations so as to succeed in the foreign market. ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ Ãâ Ãâ B.ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ Economic Factors Ãâ Organisations in theÃâÃ fast food industryÃâÃ are not excused from any disputes and troubles. Specifically, they do have their individual concerns involving economic factors. ÃâÃ Branches and franchises of fast food chains like McDonalds has the tendency to experience hardship in instances where the economy of the respective states is hit by inflation and changes in theÃâÃ exchange rates. ÃâÃ The customers consequently are faced with a stalemate of going over their individual budgets whether or not they should use up more on these foreign fast food chains. (2004) Hence, these chains may have to put up with the issues of the effects of the economic environment. ÃâÃ Particularly, their problem depends on the response of the consumers on theseÃâÃ fundamentalsÃâÃ and how it could influence their general sales. ÃâÃ In regarding the operations of the company, food chains like McDonalds tend to import much of their raw materials into a specific territory if there is a dearth of supply. ÃâÃ Exchange rate fluctuations will also play a significant role in the operations of the company. As stated in the paragraph above, McDonald stores have to take a great deal of consideration with reference to their microenvironment. The companys international supply as well as the existingÃâÃ exchange ratesÃâÃ is merely a part of the overall components needed to guarantee success for the foreign operations of McDonalds. Moreover, it is imperative that the company be cognizant of the existing tax requirements needed by the individual governments on which they operate. This basically ensures the smooth operations of the McDonalds franchises. In the same regard, the company will also have to consider the economic standing of the state on which they operate on. The rate at which the economy of that particular state grows determines theÃâÃ purchasingÃâÃ power of the consumers in that country. Hence, if a franchise op erates in a particularly economically weak state, hence their products shall cost higher than the other existing products in the market, then these franchises must take on certain adjustments to maintain the economies of scale. Ãâ C.ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ Socio-Cultural Factors Ãâ Articles on the international strategies of McDonalds seem to function on several fields to guarantee lucrative returns for the organisation. ÃâÃ To illustrate, the organisation improves on establishing a positive mind-set from their core consumers. ÃâÃ McDonalds indulge a particular variety of consumers with definite types of personalities. ( 1994) It has also been noted that the company have given the markets such as the United Kingdom, an option with regards to their dining needs.ÃâÃ (2005) pointed out that McDonalds has launched a sensibly valued set of food that tenders a reliable level of quality for the respective market where it operates. ÃâÃ Additionally, those who are aged just below the bracket of thirty-five are said to be the most frequent consumers of McDonalds franchises. ( 2005) Ãâ The multifaceted character ofÃâÃ businessÃâÃ nowadays is reflected in the harsh significance of the information on the subject of the existing market. ÃâÃ This procedure is essentially identified in the field as market research. (1997) ÃâÃ Information with regards to the appeal and potential fields of the market would double as obstructions to the success of the company if this area of the operations is neglected. ÃâÃ In the case of McDonalds they establish a good system in determining the needs of the market. ÃâÃ The company uses concepts of consumer behaviour product personality andÃâÃ purchasingÃâÃ decisions to its advantage. (ÃâÃ 1998) It is said to have a major influence on the understanding of the prospective performance of the organisation in a particular market. (2000) Ãâ D.ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ Technological Factors Ãâ McDonalds generates a demand for their own products. (2006) The companys key tool for marketing is by means of televisionÃâÃ advertisements. ÃâÃ There are similarly some claims that McDonalds are inclined to interest the younger populations more. ÃâÃ The existence of play spots as well as toys in meals offered by the company shows this actuality. ( 1995) Other demonstration of such a marketing strategy is apparent in the commercials of they use. ÃâÃ They employ animated depictions of their characters like Grimace and Hamburglar. Other advertising operations employ popular celebrities to promote their products. ÃâÃ The likeÃâÃ has become endorsers for McDonalds worldwide loving it campaign. ÃâÃ Moreover, the operations of McDonalds have significantly been infused with new technology. ÃâÃ Elements like the inventory system and the management of the value chain of the company allows for easy payments for their suppliers and other vendors which the individual stores in respective markets deal with. The integration of technology in the operations of McDonalds tend to add value to their products. Basically, this is manifested in the improvements on its value chain. The improvement of the inventory system as well as its supply chain allows the company to operate in an international context. Ãâ E.ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ Legal Factors Ãâ There has been the recurrent bellowing in opposition to the fast food industry. ÃâÃ This has similarly made McDonalds apply a more careful consideration on their corporate social responsibilities. ÃâÃ On the whole, this addressed the need of the company to form its corporate reputation to a more positive one and a more socially responsible company. ( 2005) The reputation of McDonalds is apparently a huge matter. ÃâÃ Seen on the website of the company, it seems that they have acquired strides to take in hand the key social censures that they have been berating them in the past decades. ÃâÃ The company has provided their customers the relevant data that they need with reference to the nutritional substances of their products. ÃâÃ This is to attend to the arguments of obesity charged against the products of the company. ÃâÃ In the same way, the consumers provided freedom in choosing whether or not they want to purchase their meals. This is tied up with the socio-cultural attributes of the market on which they operate. For instance, operations in predominantly Muslim countries require their meat to conform to theÃâÃ HalalÃâÃ requirements of the law. In the same regard, those that operate in countries in the European Union should conform to the existing laws banning the use of genetically modified meat products in their food. Other legal concepts like tax obligations, employment standards, and quality requirements are only a few of important elements on which the company has to take into consideration. Otherwise, smooth operations shall be hard to achieve. Ãâ Ãâ F.ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ ÃâÃ Environment Ãâ The social responsibilities of McDonalds on the state are influential to the operations of the company. ÃâÃ These entail accusations of environmental damage. ÃâÃ Among the reasons why they are charged with such claims is the employ of non-biodegradable substances for their drinks glasses and Styrofoam coffers for the meals. (1997) Several civic groups in Hong Kong have made actions to make the McDonalds franchises in Hong Kong aware of the rather copious use of Styrofoam containers and the resultant abuse of the environment. ÃâÃ (1997) further indicated that in 1995, McDonalds Hong Kong went over the Styrofoam used by both Australia and the United States combined. Ãâ Read more:ÃâÃ https://ivythesis.typepad.com/term_paper_topics/2009/02/pestle-analysis-of-mcdonalds.html#ixzz12aegEkV9 Conclusion From its humble beginnings in Illinois, McDonalds has become one of the prevailing brand names in the world that has become synonymous to the fast-food concept in the food industry. McDonalds has a strong marketing strategy, being supervised by the mother company, no matter at which part of the world the outlet is. The marketing strategies of McDonalds guarantee lucrative proceeds for the company. It is said that McDonalds focuses to a specific kind of consumers with particular kinds of personalities.ÃâÃ Otherarticles have pointed out that McDonalds has given the market with an alternative diningexperience.ÃâÃ Debres noted that McDonalds has launched a sensibly priced set ofmeals that gives an unfailing level of quality for the public. As well, those who are under thirty-five years of age are deemed as the most frequent consumers of McDonalds stores.
Sunday, May 24, 2020
CU261P/CT261 Understand Mental Health problems 1. 1.1 The main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system are as follows; Adjustment Disorder- A significantly more difficult adjustment to a life situation than would normally be expected considering the circumstances. For example; Adjustment Disorder with Anxiety and Adjustment Disorder with Mixed Disturbance of Emotions and Conduct. Anxiety Disorder- Experience of abnormal or inappropriate anxiety without any recognizable stimulus or when the stimulus does not warrant such a reaction. For example; Agoraphobia and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Dissociative Disorder- A disruption in consciousness, memory, identity or perception, when one ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This was most seen in the first publication in 1952 where there was a diagnosis of Homosexuality as a Sociopathic Personality Disorder which wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t removed until the early 70s and what is now called Autistic Spectrum Disorder was originally thought to be a form of childhood Schizophrenia. In America the DSM was published to widespread controversy as it was believed that 67% of the DSM-5 taskforce had direct links to the Pharmaceutical Industry and substantial profits were being pocketed. 1.3 Two alternative frameworks for understanding mental distress are Biological/Medical and Behavioural. The first describes psychological problems as resulting from physical causes such as brain injuries and defects and hereditary factors like DownÃ¢â¬â¢s syndrome or Cerebral Palsy. The latter describes patterns of behaviour that may have been conditioned from an early developmental age which have arisen from external stressors and the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s personality. 1.4 Mental ill health may be indicated through an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s emotions, thinking and behaviour, this can present itself in many ways. For example; a person suffering from Bipolar may exhibit extremes of high and low mood coupled with frenetic and despondent behaviour respectively. They would likely have erratic thoughts and speak very fast in a disjointed manner. In periods of mania the
Monday, May 18, 2020
Sample details Pages: 8 Words: 2435 Downloads: 5 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Management Essay Type Analytical essay Did you like this example? INTRODUCTION TO EMPLOYEE EMPOWERMENT AND PARTICIPATIVE WORK REDESIGN PROGRAMS Employee empowerment and participative work redesign programs have been a part of the recurring discussions by authors in the recent years. The two phrases have been called as twin and have been deployed as worthy innovations and as necessary features to enhance movements including Total Quality Management and Business process re-engineering (Beirne themes M., 2006). Empowerment is considered to be an important ingredient in high performance organisations today. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Employee Empowerment And Participative Work Redesign Programs Business Essay" essay for you Create order The meaning and definition of the word EMPOWERMENT can be interpreted in various ways by different people. As cited in Michelle.K et al (2000), Parker and Price (1994) define empowerment in an organizational context as the belief that one has control over decision making, Conger and Kanungo (1988) define empowerment as increased feelings of self-efficacy, Thomas and Velthouse (1990) and Spreitzer (1995) expand the definition to include the meaning of the work, self-efficacy or competence, self determination or choice about actions, and impact on work outcomes, Kieffer (1984) define empowerment as long-term adult learning and development with the goal of increasing participatory competence, i.e. the ability to play an active role in shaping ones environment. Thus including all the above definitions, empowerment can be defined as A developmental process that promotes an active approach to problem solving, increased political understanding, and an increased ability to exercise control. For the British government and European Union members, the main consideration was given to a humanist element that included fairness and consensus, which focused on economic empowerment; absorbing the building up of economy, community and citizens. (Commission of the European Union, 1998 and Department of Trade and Industry, 1999), (cited in Beirne, M. 2006 p2). To cope up with the ever increasing pressure of globalisation and demand for higher efficiency, a lot many organizations have decided to apply the strategy of restructuring. As cited in Isaiah O.et al, from past many decades most of the work on job design and redesign has been based on the studies of Hackman and Oldham (1976, 1980). As per them the motivational potential in a job is dependent on a number of tasks dimensions such as task variety, autonomy, identity, significance feedback and skills variety. It is generally assumed that a job that has higher value of above mentioned attributes has a higher motivating potent ial than a job that is not. In the present era Employee Empowerment and Participative Work Redesign Programs are becoming very popular as they not only ensure job satisfaction and job security at the workplace, but also foster power in people to carry any type of task and cope up with any kind of challenge with confidence IMPORTANCE OF EMPLOYEE EMPOWERMENT AND PARTICIPATIVE WORK REDESIGN PROGRAMS Employee empowerment and Participative work redesign programs forms the basis for every organisation today ,as it allows and help the organisation to achieve its objectives and help in transfusing reflective learning in the employees and gear them up to contribute their best towards the progress of the organisation. In the past century, workers were disempowered under Taylorism and Fordism as they followed the approach of disconnecting the doing and thinking aspects of work. Both Taylor and Ford utilised their ideas in the restructuring of American steel plant and ultimately led to increased productivity and output and also had been able to distribute goods to a large population. Though there were some good aspects associated with Fordism and Taylorism but dehumanising impact on employees was the main source and area of concern. Workers were being affected by the monotony of work, health issues due to cumbersome tasks and by the lack of job satisfaction. Ford himself discovered the power of empowerment along with various other organisations, as employees were dissatisfied with their jobs and were forced to go in search of other alternatives. This lead to the softening of the regime and various incentives and bonuses were offered to retain employees and in Fords case salary hikes and socialisation programmes to induce a sense of commitment towards his company were conducted for the immigrant workers (Beirne, 2006). Many organisations today still follow the authoritarian management styles as were followed decades ago by Taylor and Ford. This part of essay is in reference to my personal experience of working in an Information Technology firm. I joined the firm some three years back with a lot of expectation in mind in regards to job satisfaction, opportunity to learn and enhance my skills. With the passage of time I started to realise that the people within my department were afraid of our Group project manager and as soon as he was seen around people woul d pretend to be working on some important task which in actual was not the case. The atmosphere there was always full of fear and tension. Also during the times of recession a couple of years back employees were forced to take over tasks forcefully, they were transferred to the location away from their homes and were forced to abide by policies that were of no use within the company. Due to fear of losing their jobs employees became puppets of the higher management and had to agree on everything they were asked to do. All these factors finally resulted in high iteration rate within the company as employee were dissatisfied with the quality of work and always feared job insecurity .Thus the employer eventually had to roll back all the unnecessary policies, had to pay high incentives to the employees and considered promoting their employees to retain them within the organisation. Many organisational changes were done to foster in employees satisfaction from their jobs. A lot many o rganisations have benefitted themselves by empowering its employees and launching various motivational programmes. One of the live examples of the same is the BMW Mini plant in Oxford. The company claims to have saved about 10.5 million pounds in two years. The employees within the firm were asked to generate ideas for improvement and a target for the same was given to all its employees. If the target was achieved successfully then the employees were rewarded with the various bonuses. Empowering employees to generate ideas for companys improvement indirectly encourages the employees to work at its best for the success of the organisation. www.ethicalcorp.com Second example of employee empowerment is the company named Toshiba that started an innovation programme in year 2001 to increase its performance and in return saved nearly Ã £3 billion worldwide and over Ã £10 million in the UK. There were a couple of challenges faced by the management initially as it was difficult to m otivate employees to generate ideas. Also a number of innovative projects in the company had been a result of bringing together employees from across the departments in the organisation. www.ethicalcorp.com Recalling the case study shown in class, on Wedge wood organisation, the company suffered major losses due to ineffective management, employees had no say in the organisation and also the employees were not satisfied with their jobs. The employer in order to bring change within the company decided to spend millions of pounds on buying robot machines that were not efficient and had teething problems , neglecting his employees. The company should have gone with the criteria of empowering its employee, and through participative work redesign programmes it could have saved the company from wasting millions of pounds on the useless robot machines and also would have fostered in its employee satisfaction towards their job. MAIN CHALLENGES OF MANAGING INNOVATION AT WORK Innovation forms the basis for any organization who wants to survive in todays restless environment. Organisations today should always strive to renew the process they offer and deliver to their stakeholders. Benefits of innovation include targeting the best customers, holding large market share, increased shareholder return and high employee satisfaction and morale. The word innovation originated from Latin word innovare which means to make something new. The most comprehensive definition was given by U.K. department of trade and industry who see it as the successful exploitation of new ideas. An employer may face a lot many challenges while managing innovation at work. The main challenges that can be faced by an employer are as below: What is the need to change? : Organizations always face a big question of why do we need to innovate. The reason for the same is just to stay within the market for a long term and it may involve configuration of the products, processes or m arkets all over again. In each case it involves learning and unlearning and it requires strategic direction to focus this process. Also the organizations have to focus on the core area of process, where change is needed. What is it that needs to be changed: Every firm needs to realize the areas that require changes? Even after the firms have recognized the need for continuous innovation they may face a number of challenges in setting up a required innovation agenda. After an innovation agenda is selected still there are a lot many challenges faced in order to ensure continuous improvement in order to succeed. Continuous Learning: Continuous learning is necessary for every single organization as it helps them in their development and for this a good practice model is very much required. In the good practice, it is easier to know how an organization can create a series of new products and services. A few features that belongs to a good practice model includes team working, learn ing and improving continuously, requirement of project management structures and a need of well built structure for continuous flow of processes. Irrespective of the various issues that we find while innovating processes it will always be a subject of change over period of time. www.indianmba.com Communication: Communication holds a major challenge when the innovation within the organization is to be considered. An employer has to make sure that there occurs exhaustive knowledge exchange between all the divisions and departments associated with bringing in the change in order to successfully accomplish the tasks. In case the flow of information between the various units and departments, on the needs to change, is not clear it may prove hazardous to the organization. Thus innovation requires proper channel of communication so as to get feedback and approval of all the employees before going ahead and making a change. One fine example that defines the real meaning and importa nce of term innovation was Danish Company named LEGO which is most famous brands in the world when it comes to making childrens toys. Initially company only focused on creating simple wooden toys but the main turning point for the company was in 1940 when it started making plastic toys that had parts that could be set apart and re-assembled. The design was not initially successful but soon with the help of Godtfred Kirk Christiansen and his discussions with the USA buyers an idea of an architectural innovation popped up which demanded a product platform on which many different designs could have been build. The design took some time to be accepted but by 1958 it became a reality. A series of product, process and market innovations of adding wheels, figures, targeting new market segments helped the company to evolve in the market. By 1968 LEGO toy system opened its theme park as well and it started to attract over 600,000 visitors in its first year itself. The company grew exceptiona lly well only by bringing on the basic changes to its design. Thus innovation within an organization can help an organization to reach acme of heights. The main challenge that can be faced by any organization while making any innovative change is to determine the after affects of the change and would then help the organization flourish as is expected from such a change. www.managing-innovation.com Another case that determines the importance of innovation at work is to be detailed now. Henry Ford started producing cars somewhere back in 1903 and faced success only when the Model T was launched. The main contribution which he made was to change the approach of manufacturing and marketing of cars i.e. the new changes that could have been brought to the already existing cars in the market. Henry, involved rethinking the design of the car and his aim here was to develop the Model T in such a way that it could be purchased by a large section market. He designed and standardised t he whole car along with the constituent elements. He even aimed at targeting a large market in competition to the already existing brands in the market from other companies. Ford and his team of engineers even rethought the overall production operations and it was based on a number of innovations which reduced the need for skilled labour, mechanised much of the assembly process, integrated preparation and manufacturing operations for both components and finished product and systematised the entire process. By following all the changes they were able to generate high volumes of cars thereby increasing productivity and generating high revenues to the company. www.managing-innovation.com Considering the case study on nursing empowerment as discussed in class, the main aim of this the case study was to improve the health care of the patients. For this reason the concept of primary nursing was brought into consideration which aimed at allocating nurses to the fixed number of patien ts so that they can give utmost attention to the health of patients they have been allocated to. Primary nurses were supported by a team to cope up with the work consisting of assistant nurses and ward coordinators. The project faced a number of challenges where in the ward coordinators did not pass on the value information to the nurses taking care of the patients ultimately not allowing them to have full control of their duties. Also the supervisors moved the patients and nurses from one ward to another that disrupted the functioning of the project. Nurses lost their patients due to such a scenario and also lost all the power to talk their heart out in case of any problem. Consultants also faced a lot of issues dealing with the scenarios as they had to go about making rounds of the wards dealing with different nurses and their patients. The above project could have successfully worked had there been a couple of changes been made to functioning of the system. Managing a system requ ire a great deal of efforts and innovating changes take a lot of effort as with changes may arise a lot of factors such as job dissatisfaction, politics within the company, frustrations , unwillingness to work and monotony at work place. GUIDANCE TO SENIOR MANAGERS IN OVERCOMING DIFFICULTIES AND PROMOTING EMPOWERMENT
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
A great democracy has got to be progressive or it will soon cease to be great or a democracy. ( ). The Progressive Era consisted of reformers demanding the government to clean up society. Entering office in 1904, Theodore Roosevelt was an individual in the republican Party, but as the country began to spin out of control Roosevelt joined the new Progressive Party and saved the country from a disastrous ending (685). Reformers set out to cleanse the country go its wrong doings. The progressivism agenda included: an active government to right political, economic and social wrongs (685). The activist only wanted the governments intervention for a short period of time then let the country run without government after things were back tooÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Multiple groups consolidated to fight for reform. The economic down fall was too drastic that it effected a significant number of people from several groups, among those included young protestants, muckrakers, and sociali st. Young protestants were passionate for righting moral wrongs and up lifting human spirts. Being raised in a protestant home prompted their interest in social actions. Even though many of them abandoned their religious pathway of becoming ministries or missionaries they were still discouraged in the corruption in American politics and the separation of rich and poor classes. Ida B Wells was a young protestant known as a muckraker, whom worked in investigation journalism, her goal was to dredge up the muck in American institutions. Ida B Well exposed John d Rockefeller as he had turned his Standard Oil Company into monopoly. The govenor of New Year, theodore Roosevelt gained congresses attention by his strong dedication, leadership and effort to rid the state of corruption and patronage. This type of characteristics was exactly needed in a president during this time of movement. Roosevelt was chosen to be McKinley s running mate. McKinley won the election but choose Roosevelt as hi s vice president. McKinley was shot during his term leaving Roosevelt in charge of the country. In 1902 Roosevelt used Sherman s antitrust act to break up the northern securities company. After thisShow MoreRelatedProgressive Era And Liberal Era1382 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages DBQ Progressive Era Essay Many citizens throughout the Progressive Era believed no changes occurred in the society because the press did not write about the changes and the WomanÃ¢â¬â¢s Suffrage Movement did not change either. However, changes such as the government changing, both the labor and meat inspection reforms, and trusts reforms indeed brought about change, noticeable or not. Therefore, the Progressive era brought great social, political, and economic change by bettering the overall lives ofRead MoreThe Progressive Era - Liberal or Conservative1811 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe Progressive Era - Liberal or Conservative During the latter part of the nineteenth century, presumably around the 1890s, it became known as the Progressive Era, a time of change, reform, and adaptation. As Vernon L. Parrignton put it, it was a democratic renaissance (Vernon L. Parrington in The Progressive Movement: Liberal or Conservative). So what was Progressivism? Well, its main goals were to curb corporate power, to end business monopolies, and to wipe out political corruption. TheyRead MoreThe Liberal Era Of The Twentieth Century / Progressive Era Essay1863 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagespublic opinion in exposing corruption in politics and political machines in the early 20th century/progressive era. Most of those journalists were part of a grander social movement to elicit change during a rocky social time in United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ history (Gorman). It is essential to start any informative information of muckrakers by exhibiting the social conditions of progressivism. The Progressive Era began around 1895 and ended in 1920, it was a response to the shifting social structure the UnitedRead MoreExtent to which the Republican Party Liberalized1502 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesA. Plan of Investigation The Progressive Era was a time characterized by a multitude of reactions to the inherent problems in American society and politics. The previous age of Ã¢â¬Å"gildedÃ¢â¬ politics had left the American political system fraught with corruption and inefficiency, and the rise of industrialization made clear the socioeconomic divide between the lower and upper classes. 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It was marked by Theodore Roosevelts 7 and a half years in office, the Rough Rider put it upon himself to make the first strides towards reform. These reforms included the cracking down on illegal monopolies and so forth. During thisRead More The Progressive Era Essay984 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The Progressive Era nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Progressivism in the United States took place in the period between the Spanish-American War and the entry of the United States into the great World War. It was a time for change in America in all walks of life, as well as a time for reform. It was marked by Theodore Roosevelts 7 and a half years in office, the Rough Rider put it upon himself to make the first strides towards reform. These reforms included the cracking down on illegal monopoliesRead MoreThe Era Of Political Structure1181 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEach era of political structure brings, in its own way, something that our nation needed at that specific point in time. With each need answered comes a needed question, for that which works for one era make have disastrous consequences for the next. Whereas the founding era, or the eighteenth century to the american revolution, questioned the constitution, the time after questioned the union and LincolnÃ¢â¬â¢s words. The questions asked during each era were crucial to the development of our nation andRead MoreThe Progressive Movement in the US Essay648 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAbrams, he says the progressives mostly sought to introduce old moral beliefs on Americans by trying to integrate Immigrants by making them accept the ways of American life. But Abrams states those goals were ruined for important motives. One being the movement failed because of racism, whic h was widespread, throughout this time era. Abrams also considers the new scientific developments concerning culture and race affected the movement in a relevant manner. Conversely, progressives thought differentlyRead MoreThe Progressive Era Of American History1346 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe progressive era is one of the most researched times in American history due to the multiple social and economic movements that took place. When historians argue about progressivism, they are not just debating about events of a century ago, they are struggling to interpret the basic meaning of American democracy. The progressive era is a widely debated topic among many historians. It is known as a time period that consisted of economic, political, social, and moral reforms. In summary the progressive
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
ASPECTS OF JUDAISM, CHRISTIANITY AND ISLAM The purpose of this short essay is to compare the aspects of Judaism, Christianity and Islam religions. During this essay I will be discussing the similarities and differences of all three religions and how their values are is demonstrated in the current heritage of all three beliefs. I will also analyze their impact in society thought the years and their history, legacies and believes. Judaism, Islam, and Christianity are the three largest religions around the world, with Judaism 14 Million, Christianity 2.2Million and Islam 1.5 Million followers. These religions have many similarities and many differences; the most common one is their similarity in the view of Jesus Christ. It is believe that these three religions were created from the same believe but branch out separately over the years and started to deviated from each other. Some of the similarities between the religions include: The belief of monotheism, the influence of Zoroastrianism, the significance of Abraham. Some of the differences include: religious texts and how they approach to pray to God (Comparison Table between Christianity, Islam and Judaism 2014). One similarity that has high significance in the world of all three religions is the importance of Abraham. Abraham is referred to in the Old Testament that is used in both the Jewish faith and Christianity. Also IslamÃ¢â¬â¢s refer to Abraham as we ll as the man that had to make the sacrifice of giving up hisShow MoreRelatedSimilarities Between Christianity And Islam1332 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthere are many similarities in beliefs. Although the followers of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam may see things differently, they all fundamentally hold the same values and codes. To Islam, the Prophet MohammadÃ¢â¬â¢s teaching is a complete and final revelation. On the other hand, according to the bible, Christianity believes that Jesus Christ is the true lord and savior that will grant you the access to heaven in the afterlife. Judaism is founded by Abraham and it is the base from which both of the otherRead MoreChristian, Islam, and Judaism1397 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages2133 Ã¢â¬â W03 April 19, 2008 Christianity, Judaism, and Islam Every religion has its own goal, and their own path and believe to reach their goals, however there are also many similarities in believes. Although the followers of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam may see things differently, they all fundamentally hold the same values and codes. To Islam, the Prophet MohammadÃ¢â¬â¢s teaching is a complete and final revelation. On the other hand, according to the bible, Christianity believes that Jesus ChristRead MoreChristianity, Hinduism, And Islam1054 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesare also many similarities in their believes. Although the followers of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam may see things differently, they basically hold the same values and codes. To Islam, the Prophet MohammadÃ¢â¬â¢s teaching is a Ã¢â¬Å"complete and final revelationÃ¢â¬ . On the other hand, according to the bible, Christianity believes that Jesus Christ is the true lord and savior will grant you the access to heaven in the afterlife. Judaism is founded by Abraham, an d it is the base from which both of the otherRead MoreThe Prophet, Muhammad, Islam1349 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe prophet, Muhammad founded Islam in 622 C.E. at the Arabian Peninsula. Judaism and Christianity both originate in Palestine, but Judaism commenced over 3,500 years ago while Christianity found its beginning in 33 C.E. Christianity was created by Christ, the son of God, while Abraham was the man credited with founding Judaism. Assuredly, albeit Judaism, Christianity and Islam were founded in divergent times, the religions still hold similarities in beliefs and teachings. However, differentiationsRead MoreJudaism, Christianity, And Islam1679 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Completely Different but Surprisingly Similar Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are all three different religions that many may not think can even be compared. At a glance, the religions are derived from different locations, the members of the religions look and act different, and some of the widely known practices are what make the religions so distinct. However, they are more similar than most people think. In the core of the three religions, many of their beliefs and practices show to be extremelyRead MoreIslam : A Powerful Religion1437 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIslam emerged as a powerful religion in the seventh century. Prior to this, Christianity and Judaism dominated life throughout the Middle East and Europe. In order to develop as a system of faith, Islam borrowed ideas such as monotheism, an afterlife and many other concepts from the two prominent religions. Hence, Islam was revolutionary for the introduction of controversial values such as the rejection of Jesus Christ and its distinct differences in beliefs. Ever since its rise to popularity,Read MoreCommon Threads Throughout Judaism, Christianity, and Islam1233 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe monotheistic religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have over many thousands of years established many traditions and beliefs. Many of these are from their respective book of scripture such as the Bible, Torah, or QuÃ¢â¬â¢ran. Others are from the interpretation of the religions over the many years from their leaders and the generational stories that have been passed down. Many of these can be seen as quite similar between the religions, but others can be considered unique to each one ofRead MoreThe Three Major Religions Essay1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Major Religions Judaism, Christianity and Islamic Humanities 101 August 28, 2010 Strayer University The major religions in the world are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are monotheistic religions, namely they believe that there is only one God. All three religions believe that this God is the origin and source of all that exists. God cares about the entire creation and desires the well-being of all. God is just and has provided basicRead MoreMeaning of Marriage in Different Cultures1737 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn Islam, marriage is a contract between two people. It is required that a certain amount of money be relayed to the bride. This idea of dowry derives from the word in Arabic; Mahr. Furthermore, like both Christianity and Judaism, Islam is strict on the concept of chastity. It is the element of staying pure. Seeing as marriage in Islam is concealed with intercourse, which is evident from the root of the world in Arabic meaning marriage. The Arabic of word Nikah can be translated to marriage and sexualRead MoreCreation Myths in the Abrahamic Religions1850 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswhole difference between construction and creation is this: that a thing constructed can only be loved after it is constructed; but a thing created is loved before it existsÃ¢â¬ (qtd. in Ã¢â¬Å"Charles DickensÃ¢â¬ ). Although the creation stories of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have some differences, the fact that the thre e Abrahamic religions all arose in the same Middle Eastern area in succession may have had an effect on not only each religionÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs that can be found in their creation myth, but also on
I look forward to getting the best out of this program and come out a better nurse equipped and seasoned with sound knowledge and skills necessary to meet up with challenges in the healthcare system. However my greatest fear is time management Time management is very important in any area of life as success and failures are built upon it. It is my fear here as I have to juggle School, Work, family at the same time and meet up with the demands of each, allotting quality time to each section. We will write a custom essay sample on What Do You Look Forward? or any similar topic only for you Order Now Language barrier on the other hand possess a little bit of challenge to me as I have to advance my writings from undergraduate level to graduate level. My plan to overcome this fear is to be organized from day one which entails knowing my schedule, plan and stream line my activities via time table format. Make effort to follow my time table, remove procrastination from it but allow flexible time for any unforeseen circumstances that might come up along the way. Specific educational experience I encountered was when I started school here in a traditional class room, it was very difficult for me to comprehend what my instructors was teaching and also for them to understand me because of my accent. My fear was how to succeed in my education when I donÃ¢â¬â¢t understand the classroom lectures. I am even too afraid to ask questions fearing that they will not understand me or even laugh at me. I am fine studying my textbook at home but it is not enough as major and important points are highlighted in the lecture notes. So my first step in addressing this fear was to meet with my instructors after class and tell them my problem. Second step was to use the learning resources available at the college and attended series of passport classes for international students. This tutoring classes and one on one session with most of my instructors took all my spare and family time but it did pay off at the end of the semester with good grades. These resources helped me to overcome my fear, understand my instructors, and ask questions in class, improved on note taking skills and above all good grades. Read also: Time Management Ã¢â¬â Work File How to cite What Do You Look Forward?, Essay examples
We learned from the chapter that a Ã¢â¬Å"calorie: is a unit of energy, just like a kilowatt-hour or a joule. These units, represent the amount of Ã¢â¬Å"heat energyÃ¢â¬ it takes to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius. When we burn the food items and capture the heat in the water, we will use the following formula, our initial and final temperatures and we can calculate the energy released from each food item. FORMULA: Q = t*m*cp Q= heat energy absorbed t = change in temperature ,? C m = mass in grams, g cp = specific heat capacity ( 4. 184 j/g ? C for water) It states clearly that there will be considerable error in this experiment, due to some of the heat given off from the food being burned, and it was absorbed by the glass beaker and some energy escaped into the air. This gave us results that are lower than the accepted values. PROCEDURES: After gathering my equipment from the labpaq and required items from my home. I started with my measurements. I first measured my 100mL empty glass beaker on my scale from the labpaq and recorded that in data table 7. 1. Next I filled the beaker with 50mL of tap water, I measured the water and the beaker together and recorded those measurements as well. Next, I used my sheet of aluminum foil and placed my burner stand on it and placed my beaker with the water upon the stand and placed my thermometer into the beaker, after a minute or so I took a initial measurement of temperature of the water and recorded it. Now I needed to get a mass measurement of my first item, for the experiment. I started with the marshmallow and a fork. I took a mass measurement of the marshmallow and the fork separately and recorded it in data table 7. 1 Next I placed the marshmallow on the end of my fork and then I weighed those two together and recorded my measurement. Now it was time to add the heat, I used a extended grill lighter for my heat source. I clicked the lighter and carefully placed the marshmallow into the flame, once it caught and started to burn, I placed the burning marshmallow under my beaker, while allowing it to burn most of the way down, I had my oldest daughter help me stir the thermometer in the beaker. Once it had burned out, I took a new measurement of the fork with the burnt residue on it and recorded that measurement. I set the fork in the sink and checked the temperature of the water in the beaker, and recorded the final temperature. There is cleanup in between each food item to be burned, and you must start with fresh water and a new initial temperature for the remaining items in the experiment. I followed the above steps for the walnut and the potato chip and recorded their measurements in the data table 7. 1 as well. Once all my food items were burned , measured and recorded. I then proceeded to my calculations for analysis in this lab and recorded the remaining results in the data table 7. 1 below. DATA TABLE 7. 1 CALORIC CONTENT OF FOOD/ OBSERVATIONS FOOD ITEM DESCRIPTION|MARSHMALLOW|NUT|POTATO CHIP| Mass of food and holder-initial|40. 4g|18. g|16g| Mass of food and holder-final|38. 8g|16. 3g|13. 5g| Mass of food burnt|1. 6g|2. 0g|2. 5g| Mass of beaker|66. 5g|66. 4g|66. 5g| Mass of beaker and water|107. 2g|108. 2g|108. 2g| Mass of water|40. 7g|41. 8g|41. 7g| Water temp. initial|23Ã °C|22Ã °C|22Ã °C| Water temp. final|31Ã °C|72Ã °C|32Ã °C| Delta T Ã °C, change|8Ã °C|50Ã °C|10Ã °C| CONCLUSIONS: Altho ugh I still do not like Ã¢â¬Å"burning thingsÃ¢â¬ , this one was rather neat. I am overweight and lately have really been watching calories, and by doing this experiment I have grasped a better understanding of how energy Is released from food and how to properly calculate caloric content. Although I do not believe I will be using any of these methods to calculate my caloric intake, I will just stick to my labels provided for me and hope that they are without error. ANSWERS TO END OF LAB QUESTIONS: A. The food that tested with the most energy per gram was the potato chip. B. My results were somewhat lower than the averages, but according to the discussion prior to the lab it stated that this would be a possible issue, due to the heat loss in the air, and the beaker absorbing some of the heat as well. C. The type of reaction used in calorimetry, would be a Ã¢â¬Å"combustion reactionÃ¢â¬ , which we learned about back in chapter 5. A chemical process may either absorb or release energy, and many times this energy is in the form of heat. In experiments we often need to know how much heat is absorbed or released when such a process takes place. The measuring of that heat is known as . calorimetry determines how much heat is absorbed or released by noting the temperature before and after the process. By determining the temperature difference, we are then able to calculate how much energy was absorbed or released. In order to measure the amount of heat a reaction absorbs or releases, a calorimeter is often used. calorimeters are sometimes used in calorimetry to calculate the heat gained or lost in a combustion reaction. D. The products from the reactions are CO2 and H2O. E. The products were released into the air, or the atmosphere. F. 1. In using the data that the student collected about the cashew nut, we would calculate the total energy released by the combustion of the nut by using the increase n temperature of the water, the mass of the water and the specific heat capacity of water. We will use this formula: FORMULA: Q = t*m*cp 58576 joules 2. In order to calculate the energy released per gram of the cashew nut consumed in the reaction we calculate as follows: 58,576j / 0. 55g = 106502 / 4. 184 = 25455 or 2. 5 cal 3. Using given standards, my favorite snack food Chili Cheese Fritos (snack bag size) caloric content is as follows: Carbohydrates: 60 proteins: 8 fats: 90 a second conclusion is I need to find a snack food with less fat!